Friday, October 28, 2011

Water Tanks and Clean Water In Developing Countries

Contaminated water can lead to several health issues, and many families without safe water are at risk. The rural areas of many countries have no access to clean water and sanitation. To add to the problem, people are not educated about managing water resources.

In Bangladesh, there is a serious problem with arsenic contamination in tube wells purely because people did not dig to the correct depths. Bangladeshi government officials were either unaware of depth regulations, or they did not supervise installation correctly. Nobody knows exactly how many people were poisoned as a result of this.

Despite the fact that arsenic poisoning is not fatal, it can lead to serious internal injury. Arsenic poisoning is a threat all over the world, and mostly due to contaminated water sources. In 70 countries, 140 million people have been touched by contaminated water.

These figures should scare authorities into taking action to avoid further damage. The governments need to check all pipes, plumbing and reservoirs often. Clearly water projects are important to developing nations, as millions of dollars have been spent for this purpose.

Even though there haven't been any reported deaths in Bangladesh, the government needs to act now to make sure this doesn't happen. Bangladesh has apparently received foreign aid in order to rectify the situation. Unfortunately this money was not used correctly.

Bangladesh is lucky in comparison to other parts of the world. Many children under 5 have died in developing countries because of water related sicknesses. All over the world, 90% of all deaths from water-related diarrhea occur in children who are too weak to resist the infection since they have not been eating enough.

769000 African children under the age of 5 died between 2000 and 2003 because of water-related diarrhea. The majority of these deaths could be avoided if one clean water tank had been erected in the affected areas. To compare, only 700 children under 5 died from the same illness during that period in developed areas.

When clean water is introduced, deaths from diarrheal disease can decrease by as much as 25%. In developed countries, drinking water is stored, treated, and distributed properly, thereby reducing cases of diarrhea by 39%. The ideal is that all countries follow this example.

Meanwhile, studies have determined that around the world, the most common water contamination is from sewage, which means, in some parts of the world, human fecal parasites are making their way into consumable drinking water. This is a disturbing fact. The figures speak for themselves - in 2006, 1.1 billion people did not have healthy water, and 1.8 billion died from water-related sickness.

Deaths could be prevented if access to clean water was improved. In these parts of the world, the simple and inexpensive installation of Water Tanks, purifiers and filters could save millions of lives. More than one homestead can benefit from efficient water treatment and distribution schemes.

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